This work describes the effect that the injection of leakage flow from a cavity into the mainstream has on the endwall flows and their interaction with a large pressure surface separation bubble in a low-pressure turbine. The effect of a step in hub diameter ahead of the blade row is also simulated. The blade profile under consideration is a typical design of modern low-pressure turbines. The tests are conducted in a low speed linear cascade. These are complemented by numerical simulations. Two different step geometries are investigated, i.e., a backward-facing step and a forward-facing step. The leakage tangential velocity and the leakage mass flow rate are also modified. It was found that the injection of leakage mass flow gives rise to a strengthening of the endwall flows independently of the leakage mass flow rate and the leakage tangential velocity. The experimental results have shown that below a critical value of the leakage tangential velocity, the net mixed-out endwall losses are not significantly altered by a change in the leakage tangential velocity. For these cases, the effect of the leakage mass flow is confined to the wall, as the inlet endwall boundary layer is pushed further away from the wall by the leakage flow. However, for values of the leakage tangential velocity around 100% of the wheel speed, there is a large increase in losses due to a stronger interaction between the endwall flows and the leakage mass flow. This gives rise to a change in the endwall flows’ structure. In all cases, the presence of a forward-facing step produces a strengthening of the endwall flows and an increase of the net mixed-out endwall losses when compared with a backward-facing step. This is because of a strong interaction with the pressure surface separation bubble.
Effect of the Leakage Flows and the Upstream Platform Geometry on the Endwall Flows of a Turbine Cascade
de la Rosa Blanco, E., Hodson, H. P., and Vazquez, R. (October 2, 2008). "Effect of the Leakage Flows and the Upstream Platform Geometry on the Endwall Flows of a Turbine Cascade." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2009; 131(1): 011004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2950052
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