This paper demonstrates similarities between the vortex shedding from blunt trailing-edge transonic turbine nozzle blades and from oscillating airfoils and bluff bodies. Under subsonic conditions the turbine nozzle cascade shed wake vortices in a conventional von Kármán vortex street. This was linked with a depressed base pressure and associated energy separation in the wake. Under transonic conditions a variety of different shedding configurations was observed with vortices shedding and pairing in several different ways. Similarities are addressed between the observed structures and those from vortex shedding in some other physical situations, such as the vortex wakes shed from cylinders and airfoils in sinusoidal heaving motion in low-speed flow. The established field of vortex-induced vibration has provided a developed classification scheme for the phenomena observed. The paper has brought together three previously independent fields of investigation and, by showing that the three are essentially related, has provided the basis for a new synthesis.
On Vortex Formation in the Wake Flows of Transonic Turbine Blades and Oscillating Airfoils
Gostelow, J. P., Platzer, M. F., and Carscallen, W. E. (February 1, 2005). "On Vortex Formation in the Wake Flows of Transonic Turbine Blades and Oscillating Airfoils." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2006; 128(3): 528–535. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2184354
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