Turbine blades experience significant surface degradation with service. Previous studies indicate that an order-of-magnitude or greater increase in roughness height is typical, and these elevated levels of surface roughness significantly influence turbine efficiency and heat transfer. This paper presents measurement and a mean-line analysis of turbine efficiency reduction due to blade surface roughness. Performance tests have been conducted in a low-speed, single-stage, axial flow turbine with roughened blades. Sheets of sandpaper with equivalent sandgrain roughnesses of 106 and 400 μm have been used to roughen the blades. The roughness heights correspond to foreign deposits on real turbine blades measured by Bons et al. . In the transitionally rough regime (106 μm), normalized efficiency decreases by approximately 4% with either roughened stator or roughened rotor and by 8% with roughness on both the stator and rotor blades. In the fully rough regime (400 μm), normalized efficiency decreases by 2% with roughness on the pressure side and by 6% with roughness on the suction side. Also, the normalized efficiency decreases by 11% with roughness only on stator vanes, 8% with roughness only on rotor blades, and 19% with roughness on both the stator and rotor blades.
Performance Degradation due to Blade Surface Roughness in a Single-Stage Axial Turbine
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Paper presented at the international Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, June 13–17, 2004, Paper No. 2004-GT-53094. Manuscript received by the IGTI October 1, 2003; final revision March 1, 2004. IGTI Review Chair: A. J. Strazisar.
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Yun, Y. I., Park, I. Y., and Song, S. J. (February 9, 2005). "Performance Degradation due to Blade Surface Roughness in a Single-Stage Axial Turbine ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2005; 127(1): 137–143. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1811097
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