Detailed heat transfer distributions on the endwall and along the vane/blade surface are essential for component mechanical integrity and life predictions. Due to secondary flows, high gradients in heat transfer are present at the endwall and at the vane or blade surface itself where the passage vortex influences the mainstream flow. This paper documents the benchmarking of three turbulence models: 1) k-ε realizable with wall functions, 2) k-ε realizable with two layer model, and 3) the V2F model for endwall and surface heat transfer and flowfield predictions. Benchmark experimental data from a scaled-up low speed rig for both a stator and rotor geometry are used for comparisons of heat transfer and flowfield. While the k-ε realizable turbulence models give a good prediction of the secondary flow pattern, the heat transfer at the endwall and at the surface is not well predicted due to the inadequate modeling of near wall turbulence. The V2F model gives better agreement with the experiments on the endwall and vane midspan heat transfer is also well predicted, although transition occurs too far upstream on the suction surface. The results from this study represent the feasibility of CFD utilization as a predictive tool for local heat transfer distributions on a vane/blade endwall.
Predictions of External Heat Transfer for Turbine Vanes and Blades With Secondary Flowfields
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002. Manuscript received by the IGTI November 5, 2001. Paper No. 2002-GT-30206. Review Chair: E. Benvenuti.
Hermanson , K., Kern , S., Picker , G., and Parneix, S. (January 23, 2003). "Predictions of External Heat Transfer for Turbine Vanes and Blades With Secondary Flowfields ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2003; 125(1): 107–113. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1529201
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