Finite element analysis is conducted on an elastic-plastic full stick contact between a rigid flat and a deformable coated sphere with a soft coating. A combined normal and tangential load is applied to the rigid flat, and the sliding inception is assumed as a result of the decreasing tangential stiffness of the contact junction. As the coating becomes thicker, the static friction coefficient first decreases reaching a minimum and then increases. This demonstrates a friction reduction effect of soft coatings that is opposite to hard coatings. The static friction coefficient decreases with increasing normal load as the contact junction contains more plasticity and becomes more compliant.
Friction Reduction Effect of Soft Coatings
Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received May 27, 2019; final manuscript received July 14, 2019; published online July 31, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Longqiu Li.
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Chen, Z. (July 31, 2019). "Friction Reduction Effect of Soft Coatings." ASME. J. Tribol. October 2019; 141(10): 104501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4044299
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