Abstract

Supercritical CO2 (sCO2) power cycles designed for thermodynamic efficiencies above 50% push component designs into pressure and temperature combinations that approach the limits of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and ASME Piping Design Codes with Turbine inlet conditions near 250 bar and 715 °C. These design conditions which limit available materials to high nickel alloys are compounded by the high fluid densities of sCO2 at these conditions which result in very compact machinery at the 10 MWe class which are currently being developed for the DOE supercritical transformational electric power (STEP) program. Design of the STEP Turbine is complete with integrated lessons learned from a previous 1 MWth subscale demonstration of a high temperature 10 MWe Turbine designed under the DOE SunShot Program. Fabrication of the STEP Turbine is nearing completion with all housings and pressure containing components in hand. This paper provides a detailed look at design intentions and limitations for the pressurized sections of the main pressure casing and the fabrication of key turbine components. Additional discussion is provided regarding postfabrication inspection and acceptance of the casing for use after issues with casing welds were identified late in the fabrication process.

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