Abstract

This contribution presents experimental investigations of friction torque in an open rotor–stator disk system by using two different measuring procedures. The first procedure is based on a thermo electrical wall shear stress sensor. The sensor is investigated in two different substrates and different measuring parameters. A thermal model consisting of the supplied heating power, the thermal resistance toward the fluid, and into the substrate as well as the over temperature is used to achieve the heat transfer coefficient on the sensor surface. This heat transfer coefficient is attributed by a functional relationship to the wall shear stress. This relationship is first calibrated in a rectangular channel and subsequently validated at a fully turbulent flat plat flow. The second measuring procedure based on the tangential displacement of the stator disk due the friction torque. The disk is attached at a torsion spring. The friction torque is achieved by the torsion spring constant and the tangential displacement of the stator disk. Both measuring procedures are compared and agree well with each other. The used test rig has the possibility of reaching rotational Reynolds numbers representative, for instance, of a modern gas turbine. The investigations were carried out by a 0.5 m diameter rotor disk rotating up to 8500 rpm with a gap ratio between 0.008 and 0.04. The friction torque is measured on the stator disk and can be converted into moment coefficient. Moment coefficient on stator and measured pressure distributions are presented for different gap ratios and rotational Reynolds number.

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