The current paper investigates the nonlinear interaction of the flow field and the unsteady heat release rate and the role of swirl fluctuations. The test rig consists of a generic swirl-stabilized combustor fed with natural gas and equipped with a high-amplitude forcing device. The influence of the phase between axial and azimuthal velocity oscillations is assessed on the basis of the amplitude and phase relations between the velocity fluctuations at the inlet and the outlet of the burner. These relations are determined in the experiment with the multimicrophone-method and a two component laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV). Particle image velocimetry (PIV) and OH*-chemiluminescence measurements are conducted to study the interaction between the flow field and the flame. For several frequency regimes, characteristic properties of the forced flow field and flame are identified, and a strong amplitude dependence is observed. It is found that the convective time delay between the swirl generator and the flame has an important influence on swirl-number oscillations and the flame dynamics in the low-frequency regime. For mid and high frequencies, significant changes in the mean flow field and the mean flame position are identified for high forcing amplitudes. These affect the interaction between coherent structures and the flame and are suggested to be responsible for the saturation in the flame response at high forcing amplitudes.
Amplitude-Dependent Flow Field and Flame Response to Axial and Tangential Velocity Fluctuations
Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received September 3, 2014; final manuscript received October 9, 2014; published online January 28, 2015. Editor: David Wisler.
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Schimek, S., Ćosić, B., Moeck, J. P., Terhaar, S., and Oliver Paschereit, C. (August 1, 2015). "Amplitude-Dependent Flow Field and Flame Response to Axial and Tangential Velocity Fluctuations." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. August 2015; 137(8): 081501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4029368
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