Fluid flow within cortical bone tissue is modeled through an upscaling approach of a local description of the fluid movement. At the pore scale, the coupled phenomena (Poiseuille effect, osmosis, and electro-osmosis) governing the interstitial fluid movement are considered. Thus, actions of electro-osmotic and osmotic motions, in addition to the classical Poiseuille flow, are studied at the canaliculus scale by deriving a coupled Darcy law. The addition of a Brinkman-like term in this macroscopic result helps us to take into account the influence of the pericellular matrix on the coupled transport phenomena. At the canaliculus scale, the general trends that can be drawn from this study are as follows: (i) The presence of the fibrous matrix tends to reduce the fluid flow considerably; (ii) the role of osmotic and electro-osmotic effects is no longer negligible for dense fibrous media.
Study of the Influence of Fibrous Pericellular Matrix in the Cortical Interstitial Fluid Movement With Hydroelectrochemical Effects
Lemaire, T., Naïli, S., and Rémond, A. (February 5, 2008). "Study of the Influence of Fibrous Pericellular Matrix in the Cortical Interstitial Fluid Movement With Hydroelectrochemical Effects." ASME. J Biomech Eng. February 2008; 130(1): 011001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2838025
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