The influence of different jet fuel compositions on aviation gas turbine combustion performance was investigated. Eight fuels including conventional crude-derived Jet A-1 kerosene, fully synthetic Jet fuel, synthetic paraffinic kerosenes, linear paraffinic solvents, aromatic solvents and pure compounds were tested. The tests were performed in the altitude relight test facility located at the Rolls-Royce Strategic Research Centre in Derby (UK). The combustor employed was a twin-sector representation of an RQL gas turbine combustor. The combustor was operated at sub-atmospheric air pressure of 41 kPa and air temperature of 265 K. The temperature of the fuels was regulated to 288 K. The combustor operating conditions corresponded to a simulated low stratospheric flight altitude near 9,000 metres.
The experimental work at the Rolls-Royce (RR) test-rig consisted of classical relight envelope ignition and extinction tests, and ancillary optical measurements: Simultaneous high-speed imaging of the OH* chemiluminescence and of the soot luminescence was applied to obtain spatial and temporal resolved insight into the ongoing processes. Optical emission spectroscopy was also applied simultaneously to obtain spectral and temporal resolved insight into the flame luminescence.
First results from the analysis of the OH* chemiluminescence and detailed fuel analysis results were presented in previous papers [1, 2]. This article presents further results from the analysis of the soot luminescence imaging and flame spectra.
It was found in general that the combustion performance of all test fuel formulations was comparable to regular Jet A-1 kerosene. Fuel related deviations, if existent, are found to be small.