This study focuses on a simulation strategy that will allow the performance characteristics of an isolated gas turbine engine component, resolved from a detailed, high-fidelity analysis, to be transferred to an engine system analysis carried out at a lower level of resolution. This work will enable component-level, complex physical processes to be captured and analyzed in the context of the whole engine performance, at an affordable computing resource and time. The technique described in this paper utilizes an object-oriented, zero-dimensional (0-D) gas turbine modeling and performance simulation system and a high-fidelity, three-dimensional (3-D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) component model. The technique is called ‘partially integrated’ zooming, in that there is no automatic link between the 0-D engine cycle and the 3-D CFD model. It can be applied to all engine components and involves the generation of a component characteristic map via an iterative execution of the 0-D cycle and the 3-D CFD model. This work investigates relative changes in the simulated engine performance after integrating the CFD-generated component map into the 0-D engine analysis. This paper attempts to demonstrate the ‘partially integrated’ approach to component zooming by using a 3-D CFD intake model of a high by-pass ratio (HBR) turbofan as a case study. The CFD model is based on the geometry of the intake of the CFM56-5B2 engine. The CFD-generated performance map can fully define the characteristic of the intake at several operating conditions and is subsequently used to provide a more accurate, physics-based estimate of intake performance (i.e. pressure recovery) and hence, engine performance, replacing the default, empirical values within the 0-D cycle model. A detailed comparison between the baseline engine performance (empirical pressure recovery) and the engine performance obtained after using the CFD-generated map is presented in this paper. The analysis carried out by this study, demonstrates relative changes in the simulated engine performance larger than 1%.
A Partially Integrated Approach to Component Zooming Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
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Pachidis, V, Pilidis, P, Guindeuil, G, Kalfas, A, & Templalexis, I. "A Partially Integrated Approach to Component Zooming Using Computational Fluid Dynamics." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2005. Reno, Nevada, USA. June 6–9, 2005. pp. 103-111. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2005-68457
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