Research Papers: Design Automation

Passive, Consultative, and Coconstructive Methods: A Framework to Facilitate Community Participation in Design for Development

[+] Author and Article Information
Andrea Mazzurco

Engineering Practice Academy,
Swinburne University of Technology,
Mail H38, P.O. Box 218,
Hawthorn 3122, Victoria, Australia
e-mail: amazzurco@swin.edu.au

Jon A. Leydens

Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences Division,
Colorado School of Mines,
Stratton Hall, Room 420,
Golden, CO 80401
e-mail: jleydens@mines.edu

Brent K. Jesiek

School of Engineering Education,
Purdue University,
701 W. Stadium Ave,
West Lafayette, IN 47907
e-mail: bjesiek@purdue.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Design Automation Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received June 21, 2017; final manuscript received August 3, 2018; published online September 18, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Christopher Mattson.

J. Mech. Des 140(12), 121401 (Sep 18, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: MD-17-1420; doi: 10.1115/1.4041171 History: Received June 21, 2017; Revised August 03, 2018

The complexity of design for development (D4D), humanitarian engineering (HE), and similar projects emerges from multiple sources, including the overarching requirement to address complex sociotechnical problems by effectively engaging community members. However, missing from the literature on enacting D4D/HE projects is a clear framework that classifies extant community participation methods based on key characteristics, especially vis-à-vis level of community participation in problem definition and solution processes. To address this lack of a classification framework, we first conducted a systematized literature search to identify methods used in D4D/HE projects. This literature search resulted in 64 identified methods. Following an iterative, inductive, and systematic process to develop classification systems combined with content analysis, a bidimensional framework emerged to classify the methods. The first dimension of the framework organizes methods according to a spectrum of three levels of community engagement: (1) passive, (2) consultative, and (3) coconstructive. The second dimension classifies methods based on the part of the design process in which it is most appropriate to use them. We conclude the paper by discussing considerations engineers should reflect upon when using the framework to inform their projects, as well as opportunities for future research.

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