0
Technical Brief

The Characteristics of Innovative, Mechanical Products—10 Years Later

[+] Author and Article Information
Katja Hölttä-Otto

Design Factory,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Aalto University,
Betonimiehenkuja 5,
Espoo 02210, Finland
e-mail: katja.holtta-otto@aalto.fi

Kevin Otto

Fellow ASME
Design Factory,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Aalto University,
Betonimiehenkuja 5,
Espoo 02210, Finland
e-mail: kevin.otto@aalto.fi

Chaoyang Song

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
Monash University,
Wellington Road,
Clayton VIC 3800, Australia
e-mail: chaoyang.song@monash.edu

Jianxi Luo

Engineering Product Development Pillar,
Singapore University of Technology and Design,
8 Somapah Raod,
Singapore 487372
e-mail: luo@sutd.edu.sg

Timothy Li

Engineering Product Development Pillar,
Singapore University of Technology and Design,
8 Somapah Road,
Singapore 487372
e-mail: timothy.li@me.com

Carolyn C. Seepersad

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Texas at Austin,
204 E. Dean Keeton Street,
Austin, TX 78712
e-mail: ccseepersad@mail.utexas.edu

Warren Seering

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
77 Massachusetts Avenue,
Cambridge, MA 02139
e-mail: seering@mit.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Design Theory and Methodology Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received November 6, 2017; final manuscript received March 20, 2018; published online May 28, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Irem Tumer.

J. Mech. Des 140(8), 084501 (May 28, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: MD-17-1740; doi: 10.1115/1.4039851 History: Received November 06, 2017; Revised March 20, 2018

Ten years prior to this paper, innovative mechanical products were analyzed and found to embody multiple innovation characteristics—an average of two more than competing products in the marketplace. At the time, it was not known whether these products would be successful over time and whether the number or type of innovation characteristics would be related with success. In this work, products from the previous study were categorized into well- and under-adopted products. Also, each product was categorized according to the type of firm that launched it: a new venture or an established firm. The innovative products enjoyed a success rate of 77% on average. The success was not dependent on the number or type of innovation characteristics embodied by the product. However, products developed in new ventures embody, on average, one more innovation characteristic and enjoy a slightly higher success rate than those launched by established firms.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Saunders, M. N. , Seepersad, C. C. , and Hölttä-Otto, K. , 2011, “ The Characteristics of Innovative, Mechanical Products,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 133(2), p. 021009. [CrossRef]
Häggman, A. , Tsai, G. , Elsen, C. , Honda, T. , and Yang, M. C. , 2015, “ Connections Between the Design Tool, Design Attributes, and User Preferences in Early Stage Design,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 137(7), p. 071408. [CrossRef]
Oman, S. K. , Tumer, I. Y. , Wood, K. , and Seepersad, C. , 2013, “ A Comparison of Creativity and Innovation Metrics and Sample Validation Through In-Class Design Projects,” Res. Eng. Des., 24(1), pp. 65–92. [CrossRef]
Pucillo, F. , and Cascini, G. , 2014, “ A Framework for User Experience, Needs and Affordances,” Des. Stud., 35(2), pp. 160–179. [CrossRef]
Borgianni, Y. , Cardillo, A. , Cascini, G. , and Rotini, F. , 2011, “ Systematizing New Value Proposition Through a TRIZ-Based Classification of Functional Features,” Procedia Eng., 9, pp. 103–118. [CrossRef]
Johnson, D. G. , Genco, N. , Saunders, M. N. , Williams, P. , Seepersad, C. C. , and Hölttä-Otto, K. , 2014, “ An Experimental Investigation of the Effectiveness of Empathic Experience Design for Innovative Concept Generation,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 136(5), p. 051009. [CrossRef]
Brink, A. , 2017, “Development of Innovation Characteristic Based Product Ideation Method—Case Study in Marina Design,” M.Sc. thesis, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland. https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/28025
Cooper, R. G. , 1979, “ The Dimensions of Industrial New Product Success and Failure,” J. Mark., (3), pp. 93–103.
Cooper, R. G. , 1999, “ The Invisible Success Factors in Product Innovation,” J. Prod. Innovation Manage., 16(2), pp. 115–133. [CrossRef]
Maidique, M. A. , and Zirger, B. J. , 1984, “ A Study of Success and Failure in Product Innovation: The Case of the U.S. Electronics Industry,” IEEE Trans. Eng. Manage., EM-31(4), pp. 192–203. [CrossRef]
Tornatzky, L. G. , and Klein, K. J. , 1982, “ Innovation Characteristics and Innovation Adoption-Implementation: A Meta-Analysis of Findings,” IEEE Trans. Eng. Manage., EM-29(1), pp. 28–45. [CrossRef]
Garcia, R. , and Calantone, R. , 2002, “ A Critical Look at Technological Innovation Typology and Innovativeness Terminology: A Literature Review,” J. Prod. Innovation Manage., 19(2), pp. 110–132. [CrossRef]
Roehrich, G. , 2004, “ Consumer Innovativeness,” J. Bus. Res., 57(6), pp. 671–677. [CrossRef]
Astebro, T. , 2004, “ Key Success Factors for Technological Entrepreneurs' R&D Projects,” IEEE Trans. Eng. Manage., 51(3), pp. 314–321. [CrossRef]
Kock, A. , Gemünden, H. G. , Salomo, S. , and Schultz, C. , 2011, “ The Mixed Blessings of Technological Innovativeness for the Commercial Success of New Products,” J. Prod. Innovation Manage., 28(S1), pp. 28–43. [CrossRef]
Schmidt, A. , Walter, S. G. , and Walter, A. , 2013, “ Radicalness of Technological Inventions and Young Venture Performance—The Role of Technological Competition and Product Diversity,” IEEE Trans. Eng. Manage., 60(4), pp. 728–738. [CrossRef]
Dougherty, D. , and Heller, T. , 1994, “ The Illegitimacy of Successful Product Innovation in Established Firms,” Organ. Sci., 5(2), pp. 200–218. [CrossRef]
Lucas, H. C. , and Goh, J. M. , 2009, “ Disruptive Technology: How Kodak Missed the Digital Photography Revolution,” J. Strategic Inf. Syst., 18(1), pp. 46–55. [CrossRef]
Hill, C. W. L. , and Rothaermel, F. T. , 2003, “ The Performance of Incumbent Firms in the Face of Radical Technological Innovation,” Acad. Manage. Rev., 28(2), pp. 257–274. http://www.jstor.org/stable/30040712
Chandy, R. K. , and Tellis, G. J. , 2000, “ The Incumbent's Curse? Incumbency, Size, and Radical Product Innovation,” J. Mark., 64(3), pp. 1–17. [CrossRef]
Christensen, C. , 1997, The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail, Harvard Business Press, Boston, MA.
Song, L. Z. , Song, M. , and Parry, M. E. , 2010, “ Perspective: Economic Conditions, Entrepreneurship, First‐Product Development, and New Venture Success,” J. Prod. Innovation Manage., 27(1), pp. 130–135. [CrossRef]
Damanpour, F. , 1992, “ Organizational Size and Innovation,” Organ. Stud., 13(3), pp. 375–402. [CrossRef]
Pla-Barber, J. , and Alegre, J. , 2007, “ Analysing the Link Between Export Intensity, Innovation and Firm Size in a Science-Based Industry,” Int. Bus. Rev., 16(3), pp. 275–293. [CrossRef]
Criscuolo, P. , Nicolaou, N. , and Salter, A. , 2012, “ The Elixir (or Burden) of Youth? Exploring Differences in Innovation Between Start-Ups and Established Firms,” Res. Policy, 41(2), pp. 319–333. [CrossRef]
Acs, Z. J. , and Armington, C. , 2006, Entrepreneurship, Geography, and American Economic Growth, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [CrossRef]
Stock, G. N. , Greis, N. P. , and Fischer, W. A. , 2002, “ Firm Size and Dynamic Technological Innovation,” Technovation, 22(9), pp. 537–549. [CrossRef]
Coad, A. , Segarra, A. , and Teruel, M. , 2016, “ Innovation and Firm Growth: Does Firm Age Play a Role?,” Res. Policy, 45(2), pp. 387–400. [CrossRef]
Anderson, P. , and Tushman, M. L. , 1990, “ Technological Discontinuities and Dominant Designs: A Cyclical Model of Technological Change,” Administrative Sci. Q., 35(4), pp. 604–633. [CrossRef]
Christensen, C. M. , Suárez, F. F. , and Utterback, J. M. , 1998, “ Strategies for Survival in Fast-Changing Industries,” Manage. Sci., 44(12), pp. S207–S220. [CrossRef]
Utterback, J. M. , and Suárez, F. F. , 1993, “ Innovation, Competition, and Industry Structure,” Res. Policy, 22(1), pp. 1–21. [CrossRef]
Anderson, C. R. , and Zeithaml, C. P. , 1984, “ Stage of the Product Life Cycle, Business Strategy, and Business Performance,” Acad. Manage. J., 27(1), pp. 5–24.
Lewis, V. L. , and Churchill, N. C. , 1983, “ The Five Stages of Small Business Growth,” Harvard Business Rev., 61(3), pp. 30–50.
Song, C. , Luo, J. , Holtta-Otto, K. , Seering, W. , and Otto, K. , 2015, “ Risk and Innovation Balance in Crowdfunding New Products,” International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Milan, Italy, July 27–31, pp. 1–10. https://idc.sutd.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2017/02/2015-Risk-and-Innovation-Balance-In-Crowdfunding.pdf
Kahn, K. B. , ed., 2012, PDMA Handbook of New Product Development, Vol. 3, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ. [CrossRef]
Gourville, J. T. , 2005, “ The Curse of Innovation: A Theory of Why Innovative New Products Fail in the Marketplace,” Harvard Business School, Cambridge, MA, HBS Marketing Research Paper No. 06-014.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Average number of innovation characteristics exhibited by innovation award-winning products from new ventures versus established firms, with error bars

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Example of an innovation award-winning product: The Jawbone headset (photo by Robert Schlatter and Yves Behar, Fuseproject)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

(a) Cumulative distribution of the original 197 products' company age by sample sequence and (b) an excerpt distribution of samples with company age under 15, where 8 years forms a natural division between new ventures and established firms

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In