Research Papers: Design of Direct Contact Systems

Determination of Optimum Preload Considering the Skidding and Thermal Characteristic of High-Speed Angular Contact Ball Bearing

[+] Author and Article Information
Bin Fang

Key Laboratory of Education Ministry for
Modern Design and Rotor-Bearing System,
Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, China
e-mail: aa900326@stu.xjtu.edu.cn

Jinhua Zhang

Key Laboratory of Education Ministry for
Modern Design and Rotor-Bearing System,
Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, China
e-mail: jjshua@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

Shaoke Wan

Key Laboratory of Education Ministry for
Modern Design and Rotor-Bearing System,
Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, China
e-mail: wanshaoke@163.com

Jun Hong

Key Laboratory of Education Ministry for
Modern Design and Rotor-Bearing System,
Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, China
e-mail: jhong@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Power Transmission and Gearing Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received July 27, 2017; final manuscript received January 31, 2018; published online March 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: David Myszka.

J. Mech. Des 140(5), 053301 (Mar 09, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: MD-17-1510; doi: 10.1115/1.4039386 History: Received July 27, 2017; Revised January 31, 2018

Skidding is a typical behavior of high-speed angular contact ball bearings. Studies show that the effect of preload on bearing skidding and thermal characteristic is essential but insufficient. This paper proposed a comprehensive mathematic model to predict the skidding behavior of ball bearing, and the influences of the interactions between ball and raceways, cage and lubricant have been taken into consideration. Based on the proposed model, the bearing heating generation was calculated and the effects of skidding on bearing heating and temperature rise were analyzed. For validation proposes, a hydraulic variable preload experimental setup has been built, and the temperature rise of bearing outer rings under different preloads and speeds was collected and analyzed. The results indicated that at high speeds, the skidding has a significant negative effect on bearing temperature rise, and a proper preload can effectively prevent skidding and decrease temperature rise. Therefore, for a high-speed spindle-bearing system, an optimum preload that produced the minimum temperature rise can be obtained.

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Fig. 1

Coordinate systems

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Fig. 2

Ball and raceway groove curvature centers positions

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Fig. 3

Ball-raceway contact analysis

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Fig. 4

Interaction between balls and cage

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Fig. 5

Interaction between cage and raceway

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Fig. 6

Interaction between ball and lubricant

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Fig. 7

The force state of ball

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Fig. 12

The various heat generation and temperature rise with different speeds and preloads

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Fig. 10

Heat transfer mechanism of a node and adjacent nodes

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Fig. 9

Nodes distribution in thermal network method for the spindle-bearing system

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Fig. 8

The various cage rotational speed with preload and speed

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Fig. 11

The hydraulic variable preload spindle

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Fig. 13

Comparison of bearing temperature rise between experiment and simulation



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