0
Technical Briefs

The Torque Capacity of a Magnetorheological Fluid Brake Compared to a Frictional Disk Brake

[+] Author and Article Information
Salwan O. Waheed, Noah D. Manring

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Missouri,
Columbia, MO 65211

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received November 29, 2017; final manuscript received January 24, 2018; published online February 27, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Massimo Callegari.

J. Mech. Des 140(4), 044501 (Feb 27, 2018) (4 pages) Paper No: MD-17-1795; doi: 10.1115/1.4039202 History: Received November 29, 2017; Revised January 24, 2018

In this technical brief, the authors compare the torque capacity of a magnetorheological (MR) fluid brake with a conventional frictional disk brake. In the development of the torque models for both brakes, a mathematical expression for the compared torque ratio is presented. For the frictional disk brake, constant pressure and constant wear theories are considered, while static torque of the MR fluid brake is considered for comparison purpose only. Throughout the analysis, the outer radius of the compared brakes is assumed to be the same to ensure similarity of size, while the inner radius is selected to achieve maximum values of braking torque for both brake designs. Reasonable values of design variables for each brake are obtained from references and adopted in this study for making comparisons between the two designs. In conclusion, it is shown that the torque capacity for a frictional disk brake is 10–18 times greater than the torque capacity for a MR fluid brake of similar size.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Torque , Fluids , Disks , Brakes , Pressure
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Li, W. H. , and Du, H. , 2003, “ Design and Experimental Evaluation of Magnetorheological Brake,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 21(7), pp. 508–515. [CrossRef]
Haung, J. , Zhang, J. Q. , Yang, Y. , and Wei, Y. Q. , 2002, “ Analysis and Design of a Cylindrical Magneto-Rheological Fluid Brake,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 129(1–3), pp. 559–562. [CrossRef]
Duan, Y. F. , Ni, Y. Q. , and Ko, J. M. , 2006, “ Cable Vibration Control Using Magnetorheological Dampers,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct., 17(4), pp. 321–325. [CrossRef]
Kikuchi, T. , Oda, K. , and Furusho, J. , 2010, “ Leg-Robot for Demonstration of Spastic Movements of Brain-Injured Patients With Compact Magnetorheological Fluid Clutch,” Adv. Rob., 24(5–6), pp. 671–686. [CrossRef]
Chen, J. Z. , and Liao, W. H. , 2010, “ Design, Testing, and Control of Magnetorheological Actuator for Assistive Knee Braces,” Smart Mater. Struct., 19(3), p. 035029. [CrossRef]
Ostermeyer, G. P. , 2001, “ Friction and Wear of Brake Systems,” Forsch. Ingenieurwes., 66(6), pp. 267–272. [CrossRef]
Junior, M. T. , Gerges, S. N. , and Jordan, R. , 2008, “ Analysis of Brake Squeal Noise Using the Finite Element Method: A Parametric Study,” Appl. Acoust., 69(2), pp. 147–162. [CrossRef]
Von Wagner, U. , Hochlenert, D. , Jearsiripongkul, T. , and Hagedorn, P. , 2004, “Active Control of Brake Squeal Via ‘Smart Pads’,” SAE Paper No. 2004-01-2773.
Rossa, C. , Jaegy, A. , Lozanda, J. , and Micaelli, A. , 2014, “ Design Considerations for Magnetorheological Brakes,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, 19(5), pp. 1669–1680. [CrossRef]
Lee, D. , and Wereley, N. M. , 2000, “ Analysis of Electro- and Magneto-Rheological Flow Mode Dampers Using Herschel-Bulkley Model,” Proc. SPIE, 3989(1), pp. 244–255.
Lindler, J. , and Wereley, N. M. , 2003, “ Quasi-Steady Bingham Plastic Analysis of an Electrorheological Flow Mode Bypass Damper With Piston Bleed,” Smart Mater. Struct., 12(3), pp. 305–317. [CrossRef]
Kikuchi, T. , and Kobayashi, K. , 2011, “ Development of Cylindrical Magnetorheological Fluid Brake for Virtual Cycling System,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), Phuket, Thailand, Dec. 7–11, pp. 2386–2392.
Shiao, Y. J. , and Chang, C. Y. , 2011, “ Design of an Innovative High-Torque Brake,” Adv. Mater. Res., 339, pp. 84–87. [CrossRef]
Nikitczuk, J. , Weinberg, B. , and Mavroidis, C. , 2007, “ Control of Electro-Rheological Fluid Based Resistive Torque Elements for Using in Active Rehabilitation Devices,” Smart Mater. Struct., 16(2), pp. 418–428. [CrossRef]
Norton, R. L. , Machine Design: An Integrated Approach, 3rd ed., Upper Saddle River, NJ.
LORD Technical Data, 2008, “MRF-140CG Magneto-Rheological Fluid,” LORD Corporation, Cary, NC, accessed Feb. 9, 2018, http://www.lordmrstore.com/lord-mr-products/mrf-140cg-magneto-rheological-fluid

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

A schematic showing the geometry of a frictional brake

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

A schematic showing the geometry of an MR fluid brake

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In