Research Papers: Design for Manufacture and the Life Cycle

Additive Manufacturing-Enabled Part Count Reduction: A Lifecycle Perspective

[+] Author and Article Information
Sheng Yang

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
McGill University,
Montreal, QC H3A 0C3, Canada
e-mail: sheng.yang@mail.mcgill.ca

Yaoyao Fiona Zhao

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
McGill University,
Montreal, QC H3A 0C3, Canada
e-mail: yaoyao.zhao@mcgill.ca

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Design for Manufacturing Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received January 29, 2017; final manuscript received December 19, 2017; published online January 25, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Timothy W. Simpson.

J. Mech. Des 140(3), 031702 (Jan 25, 2018) (12 pages) Paper No: MD-17-1068; doi: 10.1115/1.4038922 History: Received January 29, 2017; Revised December 19, 2017

Part count reduction (PCR) is one of the typical motivations for using additive manufacturing (AM) processes. However, the implications and trade-offs of employing AM for PCR are not well understood. The deficits are mainly reflected in two aspects: (1) lifecycle-effect analysis of PCR is rare and scattered; (2) current PCR rules lack full consideration of AM capabilities and constraints. To fill these gaps, this paper first summarizes the main effect of general PCR (G-PCR) on lifecycle activities to make designers aware of potential benefits and risks and discusses in a point-to-point fashion the new opportunities and challenges presented by AM-enabled PCR (AM-PCR). Second, a new set of design rules and principles are proposed to support potential candidate detection for AM-PCR. Third, a dual-level screening and refinement design framework is presented aiming at finding the optimal combination of AM-PCR candidates. In this framework, the first level down-samples combinatory space based on the proposed new rules while the second one exhausts and refines each feasible solution via design optimization. A case study of a motorcycle steering assembly is considered to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed design rules and framework. In the end, possible challenges and limitations of the presented design framework are discussed.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Manufacturing , Design
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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Interrelation between function, component, architecture, and material

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Proposed dual-step screening and refinement design framework

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Product and function view of a motorcycle steering assembly: (a) product view and (b) function–function carrier view

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Level 1: screening process: (a) functional adjacency, (b) modularization, (c) intramodule: standardization, (d) intramodule: relative motion, (e) intermodule: feasibility check, and (f) final solution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Hand draft of a consolidated design solution



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