PAPERS: Multimaterial Design Methods for AM

Design for Fiber-Reinforced Additive Manufacturing

[+] Author and Article Information
Hauke Prüß

Institute for Engineering Design,
Technische Universität Braunschweig,
Langer Kamp 8,
Braunschweig 38106, Germany
e-mail: hauke.pruess@tu-bs.de

Thomas Vietor

Institute for Engineering Design,
Technische Universität Braunschweig,
Langer Kamp 8,
Braunschweig 38106, Germany
e-mail: t.vietor@tu-bs.de

Contributed by the Design for Manufacturing Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received February 14, 2015; final manuscript received June 17, 2015; published online October 12, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Timothy W. Simpson.

J. Mech. Des 137(11), 111409 (Oct 12, 2015) (7 pages) Paper No: MD-15-1106; doi: 10.1115/1.4030993 History: Received February 14, 2015; Revised June 17, 2015

The continuously decreasing life cycle of modern products leads to new challenges for product development. Additive manufacturing (AM) processes are able to support faster development by rapid production of samples and prototypes. However, the material properties of components produced by common (plastic-) 3D-printers are often insufficient for functional prototyping. A well-established way to improve the properties of plastics is the embedding of reinforcing fibers. Thus, this paper shows a method for fiber-reinforced 3D-printing. Through this combination, several restrictions of conventional composite production can be eased and additional freedoms of design are gained. To support the design of such parts, an adapted design methodology for fiber-reinforced 3D-printing is developed.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Klemp, E., 2002, “Unterstützung des Konstrukteurs bei der Gestaltung von Spritzgussbauteilen Hergestellt im Rapid Prototyping und Rapid Tooling Verfahren (Support for Design of Injection Molded Parts Made by Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Tooling),” Ph.D. thesis, Technische Universität Clausthal, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany.
DIN-Standard 8580, 2003, Manufacturing Processes—Terms and Definitions, Division, Beuth Verlag GmbH, Berlin.
Ahn, S.-H., Montero, M., Odell, D., Roundy, S., and Wright, P. K., 2002, “Anisotropic Material Properties of Fused Deposition Modeling ABS,” Rapid Prototyping J., 8(4), pp. 248–257. [CrossRef]
Peters, S., 2011, Composite Filament Winding, ASM Intl., Materials Park, OH.
Mattheij, P., Gliesche, K., and Feltin, D., 1998, “Tailored Fiber Placement—Mechanical Properties and Applications,” J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., 17(9), pp. 774–786.
Mark, G., 2014, “Methods for Fiber Reinforced Additive Manufacturing,” U.S. Patent No. US/2014/0361460.
Fischer, A., Rommel, S., Geiger, R., and Weber, S., 2014, “Tool and Method for Sheathing an Elongate Product Available by the Meter,” Patent No. WO/2014/026762.
Mori, K., Maeno, T., and Nakagawa, Y., 2014, “Dieless Forming of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic Parts Using 3D Printer,” 11th International Conference on Technology of Plasticity, Nagoya Congress Center, Japan.
Sells, E., 2009, “Towards a Self-Manufacturing Rapid Prototyping Machine,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
E3D-Online Ltd., 2014, “E3D-v6 Documentation,” http://wiki.e3d-online.com/wiki/E3D-v6_Documentation
Roth, K., 2000, Konstruieren mit Konstruktionskatalogen (Design With Design Catalogues), 3rd ed., Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
Kirchner, K., 2011, “Entwicklung Eines Informationssystems für den Effizienten Einsatz Generativer Fertigungsverfahren im Produktentwicklungsprozess (Development of an Information System for the Efficient Use of AM in the Product Development Process),” Ph.D. thesis, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
Adam, G., and Zimmer, D., 2014, “Design for Additive Manufacturing—Element Transitions and Aggregated Structures,” CIRP J. Manuf. Sci. Technol., 7(1), pp. 20–28. [CrossRef]
Association of German Engineers, 2006, “Development of Fibre-Reinforced Plastics Components,” VDI-Guideline 2014, Verein Deutscher Ingenieure e.V., Association of German Engineers, Düsseldorf, Germany.
Zhang, P., Toman, J., Yu, Y., Biyikli, E., Kirca, M., Chmielus, M., and To, A. C., 2015, “Efficient Design-Optimization of Variable-Density Hexagonal Cellular Structure by Additive Manufacturing: Theory and Validation,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 137(2), p. 021004. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Design of an adapted FFF print head

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Prototype of an adapted FFF print head

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Staircase effect: (a) conventional slicing and (b) three-dimensional strands

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Warp: (a) pure plastic without temperature management and (b) FRP

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Bridging gaps: (a) plastic and (b) FRP

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Cellular structures with less support material (S)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Directional strength: (a) conventional slicing and (b) three-dimensional strands

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Infill: (a) standard pattern and (b) load-based pattern

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Selective reinforcement




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In