0
Research Papers: Design for Manufacture and the Life Cycle

Taxation and Transparency: How Policy Decisions Impact Product Quality and Sustainability

[+] Author and Article Information
Steven Hoffenson

Department of Product and
Production Development,
Chalmers University of Technology,
Gothenburg 412 96, Sweden
e-mail: stevenh@chalmers.se

Rikard Söderberg

Professor
Department of Product and
Production Development,
Chalmers University of Technology,
Gothenburg 412 96, Sweden
e-mail: rikard.soderberg@chalmers.se

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Design for Manufacturing Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received February 1, 2015; final manuscript received July 13, 2015; published online August 10, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Harrison M. Kim.

J. Mech. Des 137(10), 101702 (Aug 10, 2015) (8 pages) Paper No: MD-15-1057; doi: 10.1115/1.4031121 History: Received February 01, 2015

Product markets can be modeled as complex systems that account for a diverse set of stakeholders and interactions. Decisions by all of the stakeholders in these systems can affect the design of new products, not only from design teams but also from consumers, producers, and policymakers. Studies of market systems have shown how producers can make profit-optimal decisions on product design and pricing, and how those decisions influence a number of different factors including the quality, environmental impact, production costs, and ultimately consumer demand for the product. This study presents and demonstrates the use of a framework for modeling the ways that policies and consumer demand influence optimal product design and, in particular, product quality and environmental sustainability. Employing this model for the tolerance and material design decisions for a mobile phone case shows how different environmental impact scales, taxation levels, and information available to consumers will influence producer profits and overall environmental impacts. This demonstrates how different policies can be evaluated for their impacts on economic success for producers and reduced environmental impacts for society, and a “win–win” scenario is found for the mobile phone case.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Main interactions modeled in this study, from the perspective of the policymaker seeking to address environmental impacts

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The effects of producer and policymaker decisions on environmental impacts and profits

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Mobile phone case assembled (left) and inside of back part (right)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Mobile phone case with a parallel (left) and nonparallel (right) split line

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Effect of tolerances on costs and environmental impacts, for a PE phone case

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Part-worth utilities for three key phone attributes

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In