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Research Papers: Design Automation

Optimal Design of Compound Parabolic Concentrator Solar Collector System

[+] Author and Article Information
Singiresu S. Rao

Professor
Department of Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Miami,
Coral Gables, FL 33146
e-mail: srao@miami.edu

Hoe-Gil Lee

Department of Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Miami,
Coral Gables, FL 33146
e-mail: h.lee15@umiami.edu

Yi Hu

Advanced Solution Engineer
Ingersol Rand Residential Solutions,
Tyler, TX 75701
e-mail: yhu0814@gmail.com

Contributed by the Design Automation Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received August 2, 2013; final manuscript received May 23, 2014; published online July 11, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Harrison M. Kim.

J. Mech. Des 136(9), 091402 (Jul 11, 2014) (10 pages) Paper No: MD-13-1335; doi: 10.1115/1.4027874 History: Received August 02, 2013; Revised May 23, 2014

The multi-objective optimum design of stationary compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) solar collectors is considered. The clear day solar beam radiation and diffuse radiation at the location of the solar collector are estimated. Three objectives are considered in the optimization problem formulation: maximization of the annual average incident solar energy, maximization of the lowest month incident solar energy and minimization of the cost. A modified game theory (MGT) methodology is used for the solution of the three-objective constrained optimization problems. When compared to the optimum results of flat plate solar collectors, the CPC solar collector could significantly reduce the value of cost per unit energy ratio. Parametric studies are conducted with respect to changes in land price. The present study is expected to help designers in creating optimized solar collectors based on specified requirements.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Cross section of a truncated compound parabolic solar collector

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Multirow compound parabolic collector in a given area

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

(a)–(j) Sensitivity analysis with respect to P and s3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Zenith angle, slope, surface azimuth angle, and solar azimuth angle for a tilted surface

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