It is of great importance in the conceptual creative design of mechanical systems to synthesize as many feasible kinematic structures of mechanisms as possible. However, the methods for the structural synthesis of multiple joint kinematic chains are seldom addressed in literature even though they are widely used in various mechanical products. This paper proposes an automatic method to synthesize planar multiple joint kinematic chains. First, the bicolor topological graph and the bicolor contracted graph are introduced to represent the topological structures of multiple joint kinematic chains. Then, the characteristic number string of bicolor topological graphs is proposed and used to efficiently detect isomorphism in the synthesis progress. Finally, a systematic method for the synthesis of kinematic chains with one multiple joint is proposed, and the whole families of multiple joint kinematic chains with up to 16 links and all possible degrees of freedom are synthesized for the first time.