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Technical Briefs

The Effect of Driving Method and Crank Arrangements on the Performance of a Reconstructed Ancient Chinese Wooden Horse Carriage

[+] Author and Article Information
Fu-Chen Chen

e-mail: fcchen@mail.ksu.edu.tw

Meng-Hui Hsu

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Kun Shan University,
Tainan 710, Taiwan, China

Hong-Sen Yan

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Cheng Kung University,
Tainan 701, Taiwan, China

Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received October 2, 2012; final manuscript received March 21, 2013; published online May 9, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Oscar Altuzarra.

J. Mech. Des 135(6), 064501 (May 09, 2013) (5 pages) Paper No: MD-12-1486; doi: 10.1115/1.4024233 History: Received October 02, 2012; Revised March 21, 2013

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of driving method and crank arrangements on the performance of a reconstructed ancient Chinese wooden horse carriage. The results demonstrate better transmission efficiency when the driving torque of wooden horse carriage acts on the crank shaft. The analysis of crank arrangements shows that the phase angle between front and rear legs on the same side should be 0 deg or 90 deg and the one between the legs on the different sides should be 180 deg. These results are beneficial to the future reconstruction of the ancient Chinese wooden horse carriage.

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References

Rygg, L. A., 1893, “Mechanical Horse,” U. S. Patent No. 491,927.
Yan, H. S., 2005, “Historical Trace and Restoration of Ancient Chinese Walking Machines,” J. Chin. Soc. Mech. Eng., 26(2), pp.133–137.
Yan, H. S., 2005, “A Systematic Approach for the Restoration of the Wooden Horse Carriage of Ancient China,” Proceedings of the International Workshop on History of Machines and Mechanisms Science, Moscow, Russia, pp. 199–204.
Yan, H. S., 2007, Reconstruction Designs of Lost Ancient Chinese Machinery, Springer, Netherlands, ISBN No. 978-4020-6459-3.
Paul, B., 1979, Kinematics and Dynamics of Planar Machinery, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Zadoks, R. I., and Modha, A., 1987, “A Method for Calculating the Steady-State Dynamic Response of Rigid-Body Machine System,” ASME J. Mech., Transm., Autom. Des., 109, pp. 435–442. [CrossRef]
Chen, F. C., Tzeng, Y. F., Chen, W. R., and Yan, H. S., 2012, “On the Motion of a Reconstructed Ancient Chinese Wooden Horse Carriage,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 58, pp. 165–178. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Dynamic response during downhill without damping

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Fig. 1

Wooden horse carriage

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Fig. 3

Dynamic responses during downhill with different slopes

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Fig. 4

Dynamic response of the walking machine

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Fig. 5

Velocity of carriage

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Fig. 6

Stance leg sequence

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