0
Research Papers

Challenges in Designing Mechatronic Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Jonas Mørkeberg Torry-Smith

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Technical University of Denmark,
Copenhagen, Denmark
e-mail: jtor@mek.dtu.dk

Ahsan Qamar

Department of Machine Design,
School of Industrial Engineering
and Management,
KTH Royal Institute of Technology,
Stockholm 10044, Sweden
e-mail: ahsanq@kth.se

Sofiane Achiche

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Design and Manufacturing Section,
École Polytechnique de Montréal,
University of Montreal,
Montreal H3T 1J4, Quebec, Canada
e-mail: sofiane.achiche@polymtl.ca

Jan Wikander

Department of Machine Design,
School of Industrial Engineering
and Management,
KTH Royal Institute of Technology,
Stockholm 10044, Sweden
e-mail: janwi@kth.se

Niels Henrik Mortensen

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Technical University of Denmark,
Copenhagen, Denmark
e-mail: nhmo@mek.dtu.dk

Carl During

Micronic Mydata AB,
Box 3141, 18303 Täby, Sweden
e-mail: carl.during@micronic-mydata.com

This paper is an extension to the article published in the proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2011 [2]. The literature study has been expanded from three to five years which revealed an additional 10 articles, thus adding 200 references to be included in the data processing. Furthermore, structured searches in seven relevant journals have been added to the literature study to identify mechatronic challenges. As a result, additional researchers and solutions have been identified and included.

The Domain Theory in Ref. [46] is also described in Ref. [47].

Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the Journal of Mechanical Design. Manuscript received February 13, 2012; final manuscript received September 28, 2012; published online December 7, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Craig Lusk.

J. Mech. Des 135(1), 011005 (Nov 21, 2012) (11 pages) Paper No: MD-12-1114; doi: 10.1115/1.4007929 History: Received February 13, 2012; Revised September 28, 2012

Development of mechatronic products is traditionally carried out by several design experts from different design domains. Performing development of mechatronic products is thus greatly challenging. In order to tackle this, the critical challenges in mechatronics have to be well understood and well supported through applicable methods and tools. This paper aims at identifying the major challenges, by conducting a systematic and thorough survey of the most relevant research work in mechatronic design. Solutions proposed in literature are assessed and illustrated through a case study in order to investigate if the challenges can be handled appropriately by the methods, tools, and mindsets suggested by the mechatronic community. Using a real-world mechatronics case, the paper identifies the areas where further research is required, by showing a clear connection between the actual problems faced during the design task and the nature of the solutions currently available. From the results obtained from this research, one can conclude that although various attempts have been developed to support conceptual design of mechatronics, these attempts are still not sufficient to help in assessing the consequences of selecting between alternative conceptual solutions across multiple domains. We believe that a common language is essential in developing mechatronics, and should be evaluated based on: its capability to represent the desired views effectively, its potential to be understood by engineers from the various domains, and its effect on the efficiency of the development process.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Design , Mechatronics
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Tomiyama, T., Amelio, V. D., Urbanic, J., and ElMaraghy, W., 2007, “Complexity of Multi-Disciplinary Design,” Ann. CIRP, 56(1), pp. 185–188. [CrossRef]
Torry-Smith, J. M., Qamar, A., Achiche, S., Wikander, J., Mortensen, N. H., and During, C., 2011, “Mechatronic Design—Still a Considerable Challenge,” ASME 2011 Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pp. 33–44.
Buur, J., 1990, “A Theoretical Approach to Mechatronics Design,” Ph.D. thesis, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
Salminen, V., and Verho, A. J., 1989, “Multi-Disciplinary Design Problems in Mechatronics and Some Suggestions to Its Methodical Solution in Conceptual Design Phase,” International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED89), Vol. 1, pp. 533–554.
Andreasen, M. M., and McAloone, T. C., 2001, “‘Joining Three Heads’—Experiences From Mechatronic Projects,” 12th Design For X Symposium, pp. 151–156.
Adamsson, N., 2004, “Model-Based Development of Mechatronic Systems—Reducing the Gap Between Competencies?,” Tools Methods Competitive Eng., 1(2), pp. 405–413.
Buur, J., 1991, “Design Methods in Japan. Research Education and Industrial Application From a European Viewpoint,” J. Eng. Des., 2(2), pp. 91–103. [CrossRef]
Gausemeier, J., Frank, U., Donoth, J., and Kahl, S., 2009, “Specification Technique for the Description of Self-Optimizing Mechatronic Systems,” Res. Eng. Des., 20(4), pp. 201–223. [CrossRef]
Nagel, R. L., Stone, R. B., Hutcheson, R. S., McAdams, D. A., and Donndelinger, J. A., 2008, “Function Design Framework (FDF): Integrated Process and Function Modeling for Complex Systems,” ASME 2008 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2008, pp. 273–286.
Shah, A. A., Kerzhner, A. A., Schaefer, D., and Paredis, C. J. J., 2010, “Multi-View Modeling to Support Embedded Systems Engineering in SysML,” Graph Transformations and Model Driven Engineering—Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Paper No. 5765/2010, pp. 580–601.
Albers, A., Braun, A., Sadowski, E., Wynn, D. C., Wyatt, D. F., and Clarkson, P. J., 2011, “System Architecture Modeling in a Software Tool Based on the Contact and Channel Approach (C&C-A),” J. Mech. Des., 133(10), p. 101006. [CrossRef]
Cabrera, A. A. A., Foeken, M. J., Tekin, O. A., Woestenenk, K., Erden, M. S., De Schutter, B., van Tooren, M. J. L., Babuška, R., van Houten, F. J. A. M., and Tomiyama, T., 2010, “Towards Automation of Control Software: A Review of Challenges in Mechatronic Design,” Mechatronics, 20(8), pp. 876–886. [CrossRef]
Fenves, S. J., 2001, “A Core Product Model for Representing Design Information,” National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, Technical Report No. NISTIR 6736.
Kreimeyer, M., Braun, S., Gurtler, M., and Lindemann, U., 2008, “Relating Two Domains via a Third: An Approach to Overcome Ambiguous Attributions Using Multiple Domain Matrices,” ASME 2008 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2008, pp. 297–306.
Danilovic, M., and Browning, T. R., 2007, “Managing Complex Product Development Projects With Design Structure Matrices and Domain Mapping Matrices,” Int. J. Proj. Manage., 25(3), pp. 300–314. [CrossRef]
Wolkl, S., and Shea, K., 2009, “A Computational Product Model for Conceptual Design Using SysML,” ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2009, pp. 635–645.
Bradley, D., 2010, “Mechatronics—More Questions Than Answers,” Mechatronics, 20(8), pp. 827–841. [CrossRef]
van Beek, T. J., and Tomiyama, T., 2009, “Integrating Conventional System Views With Function-Behaviour-State Modelling,” 19th CIRP Conference—Competitive Design, pp. 65–73.
Suh, N. P., 2001, Axiomatic Design: Advances and Applications, Oxford University Press, New York.
Nagel, R. L., Vucovich, J. P., Stone, R. B., and McAdams, D. A., 2008, “A Signal Grammar to Guide Functional Modeling of Electromechanical Products,” J. Mech. Des., 130(5), p. 051101. [CrossRef]
Hehenberger, P., Poltschak, F., Zeman, K., and Amrhein, W., 2010, “Hierarchical Design Models in the Mechatronic Product Development Process of Synchronous Machines,” Mechatronics, 20(8), pp. 864–875. [CrossRef]
Braun, S. C., and Lindemann, U., 2007, “A Multilayer Approach for Early Cost Estimation of Mechatronical Products,” International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED07), pp. 187–188.
Hauser, J. R., and Clausing, D., 1988, “The House of Quality,” Harvard Business Review, pp. 11.
Bonnema, G. M., 2011, “Insight, Innovation, and the Big Picture in System Design,” Syst. Eng., 14(3), pp. 223–238. [CrossRef]
Sage, A. P., and Rouse, W., 2009, Handbook of Systems Engineering and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
Woestenenk, K., Tragter, H., Bonnema, G. M., Cabrera, A. A. A., and Tomiyama, T., 2010, “Multi Domain Design: Integration and Reuse,” ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE2010), pp. 519–528.
Isermann, R., 2005, Mechatronic Systems Fundamentals, Springer-Verlag, London.
Association of German Engineers, 2004, VDI 2206, Design Methodology for Mechatronic Systems, VDI Guidelines, Beuth Verlag, Berlin.
Borches, P. D., and Bonnema, G. M., 2010, “A3 Architecture Overviews—Focussing Architectural Knowledge to Support Evolution of Complex Systems,” 20th Annual INCOSE Symposium (IS2010).
Object Management Group, 2010, OMG Systems Modeling Language Specification V1.2, http://www.omg.org/spec/SysML/1.2/PDF/
Cabrera, A. A. A., Woestenenk, K., and Tomiyama, T., 2011, “An Architecture Model to Support Cooperative Design for Mechatronic Products: A Control Design Case,” Mechatronics, 21(3), pp. 534–547. [CrossRef]
Gausemeier, J., Schafer, W., Greenyer, J., Kahl, S., Pook, S., and Rieke, J., 2009, “Management of Cross Domain Model Consistency During the Development of Advanced Mechatronic Systems,” 17th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED'09), pp. 1–12.
81346, 2012, ISO/IEC 81346 Standard, http://81346.com/english/
Modelica Association, 2010, Modelica Language Specification Version 3.2, http://www.modelica.org/documents/ModelicaSpec32.pdf
Wu, Z., Campbell, M. I., and Fernandez, B. R., 2008, “Bond Graph Based Automated Modeling for Computer-Aided Design of Dynamic Systems,” J. Mech. Des., 130(4), p. 041102. [CrossRef]
Albers, A., and Ottnad, J., 2010, “Integrated Structural and Controller Optimization in Dynamic Mechatronic Systems,” J. Mech. Des., 132(4), p. 041008. [CrossRef]
Friedenthal, S., Moore, A., and Steiner, R., 2008, A Practical Guide to SysML, the Systems Modelling Language, Morgan Kaufmann, Amsterdam.
Borches, P. D., and Bonnema, G. M., 2010, “System Evolution Barriers and How to Overcome Them!,” 8th Conference on Systems Engineering Research (CSER2010).
Comet Solutions, 2012, Comet Workspace, http://cometsolutions.com/products/workspace/
Macomber, B., and Yang, M., 2011, “The Role of Sketch Finish and Style in User Responses to Early Stage Design Concepts,” ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2011, pp. 567–576.
Murugappan, S., and Ramani, K., 2009, “FEAsy: A Sketch-Based Interface Integrating Structural Analysis in Early Design,” ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2009, pp. 743–752.
Tomiyama, T., Kiriyama, T., Takeda, H., Xue, D., and Yoshikawa, H., 1989, “Metamodel: A Key to Intelligent CAD Systems,” Res. Eng. Des., 1(1), pp. 19–34. [CrossRef]
Yoshikawa, H., Tomiyama, T., Kiriyama, T., and Umeda, Y., 1994, “An Integrated Modeling Environment Using the Metamodel,” Ann. CIRP-Manuf. Technol., 43(1), pp. 121–124. [CrossRef]
Cutkosky, M. R., Engelmore, R. S., Fikes, R. E., Gennesereth, M. R., Gruber, T. R., Mark, W. S., Tenenbaum, J. M., and Weber, J. C., 1993, “PACT: An Expriement in Integrating Concurrent Engineering Systems,” Computer, 26(1), pp. 28–37. [CrossRef]
Andreasen, M. M., 1980, “Machine Design Methods Based on Systematic Approach,” Ph.D. thesis, Lund University, Sweden.
Hansen, C. T., and Andreasen, M. M., 2002, “Two Approaches to Synthesis Based on the Domain Theory,” Engineering Design Synthesis, Amaresh Chakrabarti (ed)., Springer-Verlag, London.
Mortensen, N. H., 2000, “Design Modeling in a Designer's Workbench,” Ph.D. thesis, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
Kiriyama, T., Tomiyama, T., and Yoshikawa, H., 1991, “A Model Integration Framework for Cooperative Design,” Comput. Aided Cooperative Prod. Dev., 492, pp. 126–139. [CrossRef]
Linde Werdelin, 2012, http://www.lindewerdelin.com/

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) Instrument, (b) watch, (c) temperature unit, (d) heart-rate sensor, and (e) charger for instrument

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Main electronic components

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The custom made gasket and the part in which it has to be inserted

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The PCB and the positioning of the flex print and the flex print terminal

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In