RESEARCH PAPERS: Rotor Dynamics Papers

Optimum Journal Bearing Parameters for Minimum Rotor Unbalance Response in Synchronous Whirl

[+] Author and Article Information
R. B. Bhat, J. S. Rao, T. S. Sankar

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

J. Mech. Des 104(2), 339-344 (Apr 01, 1982) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3256349 History: Received June 10, 1981; Online November 17, 2009


Optimization techniques are employed to design hydrodynamic bearings for minimum unbalance response of rotors in synchronous whirl. The analysis for the unbalance response considers the effects of direct and cross coupled coefficients of stiffness and damping in the bearings. A parametric study of the unbalance response is carried out to show the influence of bearing parameters on the response and to demonstrate the merits of applying optimization techniques in bearing design. The bearing parameters optimized are the diameter, clearance, and the oil viscosity. In addition to setting upper and lower limits on the foregoing design variables, the Sommerfeld number is also constrained to be within a certain range for the operational speeds of the rotor. The quantity minimized is the maximum unbalance response of the rotor in the operational speed range. Plain cylindrical, grooved, elliptical, and four shoe tilting pad type bearings are considered in the optimal design of the rotor bearing system. The results indicate that an optimal design of hydrodynamic bearings can reduce the unbalance response of rotors.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
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