Analytical and Experimental Spur Gear Tooth Temperature as Affected by Operating Variables

[+] Author and Article Information
D. P. Townsend

Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135

L. S. Akin

Western Gear Corporation, Industry, Calif. 91744

J. Mech. Des 103(1), 219-226 (Jan 01, 1981) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3254868 History: Received February 01, 1980; Online November 17, 2009


A gear tooth temperature analysis was performed using a finite element method combined with a calculated heat input, calculated oil jet impingement depth, and estimated heat transfer coefficients. Experimental measurements of gear tooth average surface temperatures and instantaneous surface temperatures were made with a fast response infrared radiometric microscope. Increased oil jet pressure had a significant effect on both average and peak surface temperatures at both high load and speeds. Increasing the speed at constant load and increasing the load at constant speed causes a significant rise in average and peak surface temperatures of gear teeth. The oil jet pressure required for adequate cooling at high speed and load conditions must be high enough to get full depth penetration of the teeth. Calculated and experimental results were in good agreement with high oil jet penetration but showed poor agreement with low oil jet penetration depth.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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