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RESEARCH PAPERS

Influence of Planetary Needle Bearings on the Performance of Single and Double Pinion Planetary Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Avinash Singh

Advanced Gear Systems Group, Advanced Power Transfer, GM Powertrain, General Motors Corporation, 30240 Oak Creek Drive, Wixom, MI 48393avinash.singh@gm.com

J. Mech. Des 129(1), 85-94 (Mar 20, 2006) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2359472 History: Received July 27, 2005; Revised March 20, 2006

Planetary gears are widely used in automotive and aerospace applications. Due to demands for greater power density, these gearsets often operate at extremely high stress levels. This has caused system level influences once considered secondary to become critical to the success of planetary gears. One such system level effect that has been largely overlooked is the influence of support structures like planetary needle bearings. There are interactions between the gear distributed loads and the resulting bearing loads and deflections that have implications for both gear and bearing designs. Also, double pinion planetary arrangements are increasingly becoming common. There are still greater interactions between the gear and bearing components in double pinion planetary arrangements. In this paper, we will examine the influence of the bearing deflections (tilt) on the gear load distribution and contact pattern. We will also show the influence of distributed gear loads on the bearing loads (moments) and deflections (tilts). Both, single and double pinion planetary arrangements will be considered. It will be shown that the tilting stiffnesses of the needle bearings have a major influence on gear contact pattern and consequently on contact and bending stresses. It will also be shown that the double pinion planetary arrangement is more likely to result in off-centered loading. Parametric studies will be performed to show the influence of a few design parameters. Theoretical derivations will be validated by numerical simulations. A system level gear analysis model will be used to illustrate the issues involved and quantify the results.

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Copyright © 2007 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

(a) Schematic contact model, (b) contact pressure, (c) resulting load distribution

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Figure 2

GSAM models of planetary gearsets: (a) case 1- single pinion, (b) case 2 - double pinion

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Figure 3

Case 1: forces acting on the pinion from the sun and ring meshes

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Figure 4

Plane of action misalignments (sun and ring)

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Figure 5

Double pinion arrangement—orientation and coordinate frames

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Figure 6

Influence of mesh orientation on the misaligning moment: (a) SP-sun mesh, (b) RP-ring

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Figure 7

Off-centered forces acting on the pinion from the sun and ring meshes

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Figure 8

GSAM predicted contact patterns and load distribution for single pinion cases: (a) 1-GA, (b) 1-GB, (c) 1-GC, (d) 1-GB-R

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Figure 9

GSAM predicted contact patterns and load distribution for double pinion cases: (a) case 2B-GA, (b) case 2B-GB

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