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TECHNICAL PAPERS

New Analytical Model of Bolted Joints

[+] Author and Article Information
Ouqi Zhang

Dana Corportation, Structural Solution Group, Reading, Pennsylvania 19612

Jason A. Poirier

J. Mech. Des 126(4), 721-728 (Aug 12, 2004) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1760777 History: Received September 01, 2003; Revised January 01, 2004; Online August 12, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Rötscher, F., 1927, Die Maschinenelemente, Berlin, Springer.
Radzimovsky,  E. I., 1952, “Bolt Design for Repeated Loading,” Mach. Des., 24(11), pp. 135–146.
Little,  R. E., 1967, “Bolted Joint: How Much Give?” Mach. Des., November.
Motosh,  N., 1976, “Determination of Joint Stiffness in Bolted Connections,” ASME J. Ind., 98(3), pp. 858–861.
Osgood,  C. C., 1979, “Saving Weight on Bolted Joint,” Mach. Des., October.
Shigley, J. E., and Mischke, C. R., 1989, Mechanical Engineering Design, 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Shigley, J. E., and Mischke, C. R., 1995, Mechanical Engineering Design, 6th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Bickford, J. H., 1995, An Introduction to the Design and Behavior of Bolted Joints, 3rd Edition, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, 1998, Section VIII, Division 1, Appendix Y.
VDI 2230, 1986, Part 1, Systematic Calculation of High Duty Bolted Joints: Joints With One Cylindrical Bolt, VDI-Dusseldorf, Germany.
Webjörn,  J., 1988, “Die Moderne Schraubenverbindung,” VDI-Z, 130(1), pp. 76–78.
Kwiathowski,  J. K., Winnicki,  L. A., and Krzyspiak,  A., 1986, “Stress Analysis of Bolted Tensile End Plate Connections,” Rozprawy Inzynierskie Engineering Trans., 34(1–2), pp. 113–137.
Grosse,  I. R., and Mitchell,  L. D., 1990, “Nonlinear Axial Stiffness Characteristics of Bolted Joints,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 122, pp. 442–449.
Lehnhoff,  T. F., Ko,  K. I., and Mckay,  M. L., 1994, “Member Stiffness and Contact Pressure Distribution of Bolted Joints,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 116, pp. 550–557.
Lehnhoff,  T. F., and Bunyard,  B. A., 2001, “Effects of Bolt Threads on the Stiffness of Bolted Joints,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 123, pp. 161–165.
Gerbert,  G., and Bastedt,  H., 1993, “Centrically Loaded Bolt Joints,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 115, pp. 701–705.
Nelson,  C. W., 1962, “Further Consideration of the Thick-plate Problem with Axially Symmetric Loading,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 29, pp. 91–98.
Lardner,  T. J., 1985, “Stress in a Thick Plate with Axially Symmetric Loading,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 32, pp. 458–459.
Gould,  H. H., and Mikic,  B. B., 1972, “Areas of Contact and Pressure Distribution in Bolted Joints,” ASME J. Ind., 94, pp. 864–870.
Ito,  Y., Toyota,  J., and Nagata,  S., 1979, “Interface Pressure Distribution in a Bolt-flange Assembly,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 101(2), pp. 330–337.
Manring,  N. D., 2003, “Sensitivity Analysis of the Conical-Shaped Equivalent Model of a Bolt Joint,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 125, pp. 642–646.
Lehnhoff, T. F., Mckay, M. L., and Bellora, V., 1992, “Member Stiffness and Bolt Spacing of Bolted Joints,” ASME WAM, Anaheim, CA, Recent Advances in Structural Mechanics, PVP-Vol. 248, Nov., pp. 63–72.

Figures

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(a) Highly idealized bolted joints: Load case 1. (b) Highly idealized bolted joints: Load case 2.
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Axisymmetrical bolted joints in tension
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Contact area reduction due to member rotation
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Member apparent dimension change
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Compression force transmitted from external load
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Coefficients of pre-load and external load
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Axisymmetrical model in FEA
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Deformation measurements
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Bolt stiffness vs. external load
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Rotation stiffness vs. external load
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Proportional factor vs. external load
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Varying member stiffness
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Load cases in finite element analysis

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