A Study of Early Stage Self-Loosening of Bolted Joints

[+] Author and Article Information
Yanyao Jiang, Ming Zhang

Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557

Chu-Hwa Lee

Ford Motor Company, Advanced Engineering Center, 20000 Rotunda Drive, Dearborn, MI 48121

J. Mech. Des 125(3), 518-526 (Sep 04, 2003) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1586936 History: Received May 01, 2002; Revised February 01, 2003; Online September 04, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Bickford, J. H., 1995, An Introduction to the Design and Behavior of Bolted Joints, Third Edition, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.
Jiang, Y., Zhang, M., Park, T.-W., and Lee, C. H., 2003, “An Experimental Investigation on Self-Loosening of Bolted Joints,” 2003 ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference, July 20–24, 2003, Cleveland, OH.
Goodier,  J. N., and Sweeney,  R. J., 1945, “Loosening by Vibration of Threaded Fastening,” Mech. Eng. (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), 67, pp. 798–802.
Junker, G. H., 1969, “New Criteria for Self-loosening of Fasteners Under Vibration,” SAE Paper 690055, pp. 314–335.
Yamamoto,  A., and Kasei,  S., 1984, “A Solution for Self-Loosening Mechanism of Threaded Fasteners under Transverse Vibration,” Bull. Jpn. Soc. Precis. Eng., 18, pp. 261–266.
Sakai,  T., 1978, “The Friction Coefficient of Fasteners,” Bull. JSME, 21, pp. 333–340.
Sakai,  T., 1978, “Investigation of Bolt Loosening Mechanisms,” Bull. JSME, 21, pp. 1385–1394.
Daddbin,  A., and Chow,  Y. M., 1992, “Theoretical Models to Study Thread Loosening,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 27, pp. 69–74.
Duffey,  T. A., 1993, “Optimal Bolt Preload for Dynamic Loading,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 35, pp. 257–265.
Esmailzadeh, E., and Chorashi, M., 1996, “Optimal Design of Pre-loaded Joints under Dynamic Loadings,” Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Pressure Vessel Technology, Vol. 2, pp. 7–13.
Esmailzadeh,  E., Chorashi,  M., and Ohadi,  A. R., 1996, “Analysis of Pre-loaded Bolted Joints under Exponentially Decaying Pressure,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 118, pp. 393–398.
Hess,  D. P., and Davis,  K., 1996, “Threaded Components under Axial Harmonic Vibration: Part 1—Experiments,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., 118, pp. 417–422.
Hess,  D. P., 1996, “Threaded Components under Axial Harmonic Vibration: Part 2—Kinematic Analysis,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., 118, pp. 423–429.
Hess,  D. P., and Sudhirkashyap,  S. V., 1997, “Dynamic Loosening and Tightening of a Single-bolt Assembly,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., 119, pp. 311–316.
Kasei,  S., Ishimura,  M., and Ohashi,  N., 1989, “On Self-loosening of Threaded Joints in the Case of Absence of Macroscopic Bearing-surface Sliding,” Bull. Jpn. Soc. Precis. Eng., 23, pp. 31–36.
Koga,  K., and Isono,  H., 1986, “Study on Self-loosening of Bolted Joints Taking Account of Characteristics of Impulsive Friction,” Bull. JSME, 29, pp. 1004–1012.
Zadoks, R. I., and Yu, X., 1993, “A Preliminary Study of Self-loosening in Bolted Connections,” Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise, pp. 79–88.
Zadoks,  R. I., and Yu,  X., 1997, “An Investigation of the Self-loosening Behavior of Bolts under Transverse Vibration,” J. Sound Vib., 208, pp. 189–209.
Eccles, W., 1993, “Design Guidelines for Torque Controlled Tightening of Bolted Joints,” SAE Paper No.930578
Hypermesh, On-line Help and Technical Support, Altair Engineering Inc.
Wang, Z., Xu, B., and Jiang, Y., 1999, “A Reliable Fatigue Prediction Model for Bolts under Cyclic Axial Loading,” Proceedings of the 5th ISSAT International Conference on Reliability Quality in Design, pp. 137–141.
ABAQUS, 1999, User’s Manual and Theory Manual, Hibbit, Karlsson and Sorensen.
Oden,  J. T., and Martins,  J. A. C., 1995, “Models and Computational Methods for Dynamic Friction Phenomena,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 52, pp. 527–634.
Jiang,  Y., and Sehitoglu,  H., 1996, “Modeling of Cyclic Ratcheting Plasticity: Part I—Development of Constitutive Equations,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 63, pp. 720–725.
Jiang,  Y., and Sehitoglu,  H., 1996, “Modeling of Cyclic Ratcheting Plasticity: Part II—Implement of the New Model and Comparison of Theory with Experiments,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 63, pp. 726–733.
Jiang,  Y., Xu,  B., and Sehitoglu,  H., 2002, “Three-Dimensional Elastic-Plastic Stress Analysis of Rolling Contact,” ASME J. Tribol., 124, pp. 699–708.
Fisher, J. W., and Struik, J. H. A., 1974, Guide to Design Criteria for Bolted and Riveted Joints, Wiley, New York.
Jiang,  Y., and Kurath,  P., 1996, “A Theoretical Evaluation of the Incremental Plasticity Hardening Algorithms for Cyclic Nonproportional Loadings,” Acta Mech., 118, pp. 213–234.
Jiang,  Y., and Kurath,  P., 1996, “Characteristics of the Armstrong-Frederick Type Plasticity Models,” Int. J. Plast., 12, pp. 387–415.
Zadoks,  R. I., and Kokatam,  D. P. R., 1999, “Three-dimensional Finite Element Model of a Threaded Connection,” Comp. Modeling Simul. Eng.,4, pp. 255–260.
Jiang,  Y., Chang,  J., and Lee,  C., 2001, “An Experimental Study of the Torque-Tension Relationship for Bolted Joints,” Int. J. Mat. Product Tech.,16, pp. 417–429.


Grahic Jump Location
Self-loosening sequence
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental setup for self-loosening experiment; (a) Sectional view, (b) Three-dimensional view
Grahic Jump Location
Experimentally observed clamping force reduction with number of loading cycles
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of transverse load amplitude with number of loading cycles for displacement-controlled experiments
Grahic Jump Location
Finite element mesh model; (a) Complete model, (b) Enlarged view near the first thread
Grahic Jump Location
Axial stress contours during a transverse loading cycle; (a) Upon application of preload (unit: MPa), (b) After reaching a maximum transverse load (unit: MPa), (c) After the transverse load reached minus maximum (unit: MPa), (d) After returning to zero from minus maximum (unit: MPa)
Grahic Jump Location
Axial stress-strain response at the notch root
Grahic Jump Location
Redistribution of axial stress with loading cycles
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of FE predictions with experimental clamping force reduction
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic illustration of the transverse load versus displacement relationship
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of experimental transverse load versus displacement relation with FE prediction
Grahic Jump Location
Influence of friction on FE self-loosening prediction
Grahic Jump Location
Self-loosening predictions obtained from two mesh models and comparison with experiment




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In