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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Damage Identification of a Gear Transmission Using Vibration Signatures

[+] Author and Article Information
F. K. Choy

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio 44325-3903e-mail: fchoy@uakron.edu

D. H. Mugler

Division of Applied Mathematics, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio 44325-4002e-mail: dmugler@uakron.edu

J. Zhou

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio 44325-3903e-mail: zhou2@uakron.edu

J. Mech. Des 125(2), 394-403 (Jun 11, 2003) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1564571 History: Received October 01, 2001; Revised October 01, 2002; Online June 11, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

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Coy,  J. J., Townsend,  D. P., and Zaretskey,  E. V., 1976, “Dynamic Capacity and Surface Fatigue Life for Spur and Helical Gears,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 98(2), April, pp. 267–276.
Lundlberg, G., and Palmgren, A., 1947, “Dynamic Capacity of Rolling Bearings,” ACTA Polytechnic Mechanical Engineering Series 1,3, Stockholm.
Choy,  F. K., Polyshchuk,  V., Zakrajsek,  J. J., Handschuh,  R. F., and Townsend,  D. P., 1996, “Analysis of the Effects of Surface Pitting and Wear of the Vibrations of a Gear Transmission System,” J. of Tribology International, 28(1), pp. 77–83.
Choy,  F. K., Huang,  S., Zakrajsek,  J. J., Hanschuh,  R. F., and Townsend,  D. P., 1996, “Vibration Signature Analysis of a Faulted Gear System,” Propul. Power, 12(2), March-April, pp. 289–295.
Stewart, R. M., 1977, “Some Useful Data Analysis Techniques for Gearbox Diagnostics,” Report MHM/R/10/77. Machine Health Monitoring Group, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton, July.
McFadden,  P. D., 1986, “Detecting Fatigue Cracks in Gears by Amplitude and Phase Demodulation of the Meshing Vibration,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., Stress, Reliab. Des., 108(2), April, pp. 165–170.
Choy,  F. K., Ruan,  Y. F., Zakrajsek,  J. J., and Oswald,  F. B., 1993, “Modal Simulation of Gearbox Vibration with Experimental Correlation,” Propul. Power, 9(2), pp. 301–306.
Boashash,  B., and Black,  P. J., 1987, “An Efficient Real Time Implementation of the Wigner-Ville Distribution,” IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech, Signal Process., ASSP35 (11), November.
Forrester, B. D., 1990, “Analysis of Gear Vibration in the Time Frequency Domain,” Proc. Of the 44th Meeting of the Mechanical Failure Prevention Group, Feb.
McFadden, P. D., and Wang, W. J., 1991, “Time Frequency Domain Analysis of Vibration Signal for Machinery Diagnostics (II) the Wigner-Ville Distribution,” University of Oxford, Report No. OUEL 1891.
McFadden,  P. D., and Wang,  W. J., 1996, “Application of Wavelets to Gearbox Vibration Signals for Fault Detection,” J. Sound Vib., 192(5), pp. 927–939.
Lin,  S. T., and McFadden,  P. D., 1997, “Gear Vibration Analysis by B-Spline Wavelet-Based Linear Wavelet Transform,” Mech. Syst. Signal Process., 11(4), pp. 603–609.
Adewusi,  S. A., and Al-Bedoor,  B. O., 2001, “Wavelet Analysis of Vibration Signals of an Overhang Rotor with a Propagating Transverse Crack,” J. Sound Vib., 246(5), pp. 777–793.
Choy,  F. K., Xu,  G., Polyshchuk,  V., Zakrajsek,  J. J., and Townsend,  D. P., 1999, “Effects of Gear Tooth Imperfection on Dynamics of Gear Transmission Systems,” International Journal of Turbo and Jet Engines, 16, pp. 161–176.
Claasen,  T., and Mechlenbrauker,  W., 1980, “The Wigner Distribution—A Tool for Time-Frequency Signal Analysis,” Philips J. Res., 35(I), pp. 217–250, Part II: pp. 276–300, Part III: pp. 372–389.
Mallat, S., 1998, A Wavelet Tour of Signal Processing, Academic Press, New York.
Polyshchuk,  V., Choy,  F. K., and Braun,  M. J., 2002, “Gear Fault Detection with Joint Time-frequency Based Parameter NP4,” J. Manage. Stud. (Oxford), 8(1), pp. 57–70.
Zakrajsek, J. J., Handschuh, R. F., and Decker, H. J., “Application of Fault Detection Technique to Spiral Bevel Gear Fatigue Data” NASA TM 106467, April 1994.

Figures

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Mexican hat wavelet and translates
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Mexican hat wavelet and dilations
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Numerically simulated gear model
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Gear tooth stiffness during gear rotation
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WVD for lateral vibration signal
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WVD for torsional vibration signal
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Lateral vibration signals and Wavelet transform
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Torsional vibration signal and Wavelet transform
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Experimental gear test rig at NASA GRC
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Photos of gear damage at various stages
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WVD of gear damage at various stages
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Wavelet transforms at various stages of gear damage

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