The Design of a Novel Mechanical Transmission for Speed Reduction

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. González-Palacios

R & D Department, Placage Unique Inc., 400 Boul. Cité des Jeunes, St.-Clet (Quebec), Canada JOP 1S0

J. Angeles

McGill Research Centre for Intelligent Machines & Department of Mechanical Engineering, McGill University, 817 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6

J. Mech. Des 121(4), 538-543 (Dec 01, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2829495 History: Received September 01, 1998; Revised September 01, 1999; Online December 11, 2007


The design of a novel transmission for speed reduction is reported in this paper. The transmission is based on the layout of pure-rolling indexing cam mechanisms, for it is intended to eliminate backlash and friction, which are the main drawbacks of gear transmissions. The design relies on a unified methodology for indexing cam mechanisms, whereby the same procedure is used to design planar, spherical, and spatial mechanisms. Two versions of the speed reducer, that we term Speed-o-Cam, are described here, namely, planar, to couple shafts of parallel axes, and spherical, to couple shafts of intersecting axes. By means of a cascade of two planar versions of Speed-o-Cam, moreover, coaxial shafts can be coupled. Moreover, contrary to other alternatives to gear transmissions, such as harmonic drives or epicyclic transmissions, Speed-o-Cam caters to shafts with either parallel or intersecting axes; in the latter case, moreover, the angle at which the axes intersect can vary from 0° to 180° continuously. The design with shaft axes at 0° leads to an internal cam, i.e., one with its axis external to the axes of the follower and the roller in contact; for shaft axes at 180°, the design leads to an external cam, i.e., one with its axis lying between those of the follower and the roller in contact.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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