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DESIGN INNOVATION PAPERS

Electromechanical Ski Release Binding With Mechanical Backup

[+] Author and Article Information
M. L. Hull, M. Swanstrom, B. Wade

Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA 95616-5294

J. Mech. Des 119(1), 145-148 (Mar 01, 1997) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2828779 History: Received November 01, 1995; Revised August 01, 1996; Online January 18, 2008

Abstract

To better protect Alpine skiers against injuries to both the lower leg and the knee, the objective of this work was to design a binding which: (1) maintained a consistent release level in twist in the presence of combined loads; (2) released the heelpiece based on the anterior/posterior (A/P) bending moment transmitted by the leg; and (3) modulated the release level in twist depending on the degree of contraction in muscles crossing the knee. To fulfill the objective, a conventional ski binding was modified. Modifications included integrating dynamometers into the toepiece, anti-friction device (AFD), and heelpiece. The toepiece sensor indicates the twisting moment while the AFD and heelpiece sensors indicate the anterior bending moment transmitted by the leg. To gain electronic control of binding release, a solenoid actuated mechanism was added which translated the heelpiece rearward along the ski to decouple the boot from the binding. Otherwise, the binding allowed normal mechanical function. Prototype testing confirmed the ability of the dynamometers to accurately measure desired loads in the presence of extraneous loads and the reliability of the solenoid actuated mechanism in releasing the hoot under loads typical of skiing. Thus, this work demonstrated the feasibility of hybrid electromechanical/mechanical releasable bindings. Such a demonstration should encourage the development of designs for commercial use.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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