Updated Stress Concentration Factors for Filleted Shafts in Bending and Tension

[+] Author and Article Information
S. M. Tipton, J. R. Sorem, R. D. Rolovic

Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK

J. Mech. Des 118(3), 321-327 (Sep 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2826887 History: Received September 01, 1995; Revised April 01, 1996; Online December 11, 2007


Published elastic stress concentration factors are shown to underestimate stresses in the root of a shoulder filleted shaft in bending by as much as 21 percent, and in tension by as much as forty percent. For this geometry, published charts represent only approximated stress concentration factor values, based on known solutions for similar geometries. In this study, detailed finite element analyses were performed over a wide range of filleted shaft geometries to define three useful relations for bending and tension loading: (1) revised elastic stress concentration factors, (2) revised elastic von Mises equivalent stress concentration factors and (3) the maximum stress location in the fillet. Updated results are presented in the familiar graphical form and empirical relations are fit through the curves which are suitable for use in numerical design algorithms. It is demonstrated that the first two relations reveal the full multiaxial elastic state of stress and strain at the maximum stress location. Understanding the influence of geometry on the maximum stress location can be helpful for experimental strain determination or monitoring fatigue crack nucleation. The finite element results are validated against values published in the literature for several geometries and with limited experimental data.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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