Computation of Compression Loads in Twin Screw Compressors

[+] Author and Article Information
G. P. Adams

University of Arkansas, Mechanical Engineering Building, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701-1201

W. Soedel

Purdue University, 1077 Herrick Laboratories, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1077

J. Mech. Des 117(4), 512-519 (Dec 01, 1995) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2826712 History: Received August 01, 1994; Revised May 01, 1995; Online December 11, 2007


The compression mechanism in a twin screw compressor consists of two helical rotors. In this work, a method is presented for computing the forces and moments induced on each rotor due to gas compression. These are defined as the compression loads. The helical rotor surfaces are defined by the end profiles, wrap angle and rotor length. The 3D surface of each rotor is mapped to 2D integration regions. These regions correspond to the surfaces associated with individual compression chambers. The compression loads are computed by integrating the chamber pressure over the rotor surfaces. The integrals are evaluated at incremental values of the rotor angular position. The method is presented and implemented for a specific compressor configuration. The compression loads are resolved to forces at the bearing locations. These bearing forces are presented for operating pressures which represent an under-pressure condition. A frequency analysis demonstrates the rich frequency content of the bearing forces due to the sharpness of the compression loads as a function of the rotor angular position. In addition, it is demonstrated that the moment load about the axis of rotation induced on the female is approximately 12 percent of that induced on the male. Therefore, the female rotor motion approaches that of an idler gear.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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