Forward Position Analysis of Two 3-R Robots Manipulating a Planar Linkage Payload

[+] Author and Article Information
G. R. Pennock, K. G. Mattson

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1288

J. Mech. Des 117(2A), 292-297 (Jun 01, 1995) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2826137 History: Received May 01, 1994; Revised December 01, 1994; Online December 11, 2007


This paper presents the forward position analysis of two planar three degree-of-freedom robots, with all revolute joints, manipulating a single degree-of-freedom closed-loop linkage payload. Kinematic constraint relations are developed which provide geometric insight into the cooperating robot-payload system and are important in the control of the two robots. For illustrative purposes, the payload that is considered here is a planar four-bar linkage. The paper shows that the orientation of a specified link in the payload can be described by a sixth-order polynomial. This polynomial is an important contribution, not only to the kinematics of the cooperating robots, but to the multiple-input closed-loop nine-bar linkage formed by the two robots and the payload. The polynomial contains important information regarding the assembly configurations and the stationary configurations of the system. The paper shows that zero, two, four, or six assembly configurations are possible and that each configuration corresponds to a different circuit of the system. Graphical methods are utilized to provide geometric insight into the assembly and stationary configurations and to check the results obtained from the sixth-order polynomial. A numerical example is included which demonstrates the importance of the polynomial in solving the forward position problem, and in determining the number of assembly configurations.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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