Synthesis of Single-Input and Multiple-Output Port Mechanisms with Springs for Specified Energy Absorption

[+] Author and Article Information
J. G. Jenuwine

Truck & Bus Engineering Operations, General Motors Corporation

A. Midha

Elastic Mechanisms Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Mech. Des 116(3), 937-943 (Sep 01, 1994) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2919473 History: Received August 01, 1992; Revised May 01, 1993; Online June 02, 2008


A means of synthesis of single-input and multiple-output port mechanisms for specified energy absorption is formulated for multiple precision points. The synthesis presented makes use of an extension of the loop closure method which includes expressions for energy absorption by linear spring elements. The configuration considered locates spring elements at two output ports of a multi-loop, planar mechanism. Economies realized for the symmetric mechanism are discussed for both one- and two-plane symmetry. Synthesis examples are included for both the general and symmetric mechanism. Special applications presented include synthesis of a constant force mechanism and synthesis of a mechanism suited to the energy absorption requirements of an automotive crashworthiness system.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Topics: Absorption , Springs
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