Design Curves for Maximum Stresses in Blocks Containing Pressurized Bore Intersections

[+] Author and Article Information
J. R. Sorem, J. R. Shadley, S. M. Tipton

Mechanical Engineering, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104

J. Mech. Des 113(4), 427-431 (Dec 01, 1991) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2912800 History: Received October 01, 1990; Online June 02, 2008


Intersecting bore geometries are used in a number of industrial applications such as in fluid ends of reciprocating pumps. Maximum tensile stresses at stress concentration points in the block can be many times the fluid pressure in the bores. Obtaining good estimates of the maximum stresses in the structure is necessary for making sound design decisions on the block dimensions. Finite element models of the bore intersection geometry were analyzed for ranges of bore sizes and block dimensions. Results of the finite element model were compared with predictions provided by a popular approximation method based on mechanics of materials principles. The approximation method was found to underpredict the maximum stresses in the block in almost every case analyzed. For some conditions, the maximum stresses computed from the finite element model were more than two times the predictions provided by the approximation method. Design curves, based on the ratio of the sizes of the intersecting bores, are presented for selecting block dimensions to meet desired maximum stress criteria.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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