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Research Papers: Design Theory and Methodology

Mass Collaboration Project Recommendation Within Open-Innovation Design Networks

[+] Author and Article Information
Zachary Ball

Mem. ASME
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University at Buffalo – SUNY,
Buffalo, NY 14260
e-mail: zlball@buffalo.edu

Kemper Lewis

Professor
Fellow ASME
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University at Buffalo – SUNY,
Buffalo, NY 14260
e-mail: kelewis@buffalo.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Design Theory and Methodology Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received July 5, 2018; final manuscript received October 19, 2018; published online December 20, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Scarlett Miller.

J. Mech. Des 141(2), 021105 (Dec 20, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: MD-18-1537; doi: 10.1115/1.4041858 History: Received July 05, 2018; Revised October 19, 2018

Mass collaboration within the design engineering process supports the inclusion of unique perspectives when working on complex problems. Increasing the number of individuals providing input and support into these perplexing challenges can increase innovation, decrease product development times, and provide solutions that truly encompass the needs of the market. One of the greatest challenges within mass collaboration engineering projects is the organization of individuals within these large design efforts. Understanding which projects would most effectively benefit from additional designers or contributors is paramount to supporting mass collaboration design networks. Within such networks, there exists a large number of contributors as well as a large pool of potential projects. Matching individuals with the projects that they can provide the greatest benefit to or building a team of individuals for newly developed projects requires the consideration of previous performance and an understanding of individual competencies and design abilities. This work presents a framework which recommends individual project placement based on individual abilities and the project requirements. With this work, a pool of individuals and potential projects are simulated, and the application of a hybrid recommender system is explored. To complement the simulation, an additional case study with empirical data is performed to study the potential applicability of the proposed framework. Overall, it was found that recommended team compositions greatly outperform the baseline team development, most notably as greater consideration is placed on collaborative recommendations.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Flow chart of proposed recommendation system

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Fig. 2

Default parameters over 500 projects with 95% confidence

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Fig. 3

Default parameters over 2500 projects with 95% confidence

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Fig. 4

Design Scores over 500 projects with 95% confidence

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Fig. 5

Average design scores at varying weights with 95% confidence

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Fig. 6

Surface plot showing the impacts of similarity and performance parameters

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Fig. 7

Project completion frequency at varying degrees of similarity and performance

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Fig. 8

Design scores over multiple projects with 95% confidence

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